Can IP addresses constitute ‘personal data’ under the Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC?

In Breyer v Bundesrepublik Deutschland Case C-582/14 (12 May 2016), the Advocate General delivered an opinion in response to a referral from the German Federal Court of Justice. The Advocate General found that an internet protocol (IP) address can be personal data for the purposes of the Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC.

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BIS guidance on the apprenticeship levy

On 18 March 2016, the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills published guidance on the apprenticeship levy, which is due to be introduced in April 2017. On 21 April 2016, the guidance was updated to reflect an amendment to provisions in the Finance Bill 2016. The levy applies to the whole of the UK but, as education and training is a devolved function, this guidance from BIS specifically addresses the position in England.

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Environment Agency’s ESOS guidance updated

'Public bodies are excluded from the scope of ESOS. However public body status in the HEI sector does not universally apply. This reflects different funding levels from public and private sources. ESOS has been implemented on the basis that it applies to HEIs that self-declare as private sector and are sufficiently large to trigger ESOS qualification.’

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Belief in efficient use of money in public sector not a philosophical belief

In the case of Harron v Chief Constable of Dorset Police, an employment tribunal had to decide whether a police employee’s ‘profound belief in the proper and efficient use of public money in the public sector’ is a protected characteristic within the meaning of the Equality Act 2010, in order to determine whether the employee’s direct and indirect discrimination claims could proceed.

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