It is assumed that, as major employers, HEIs will have appropriate procedures in place to deal with disciplinary action; however, this case illustrates how employers can be penalised for failing to comply with the Code.
In its response to the ‘Modern Workplaces: Equal Pay’ consultation in June 2012, the Government set out its commitment to introduce legislation for employment tribunals to order mandatory equal pay audits where an employer is found to have clearly breached equal pay law. On 23 May 2013, the Government Equalities Office issued another consultation ‘Equal Pay Audits: a further consultation’ (the ‘consultation’).
This case highlights the factors that a court is likely to consider, where issues arise as to whether an individual is contracting personally or as an agent for a limited company. Above all, it illustrates the need for clarity as to the identity and capacity of any party with whom a contractual relationship is in contemplation.
The Working Time Regulations 1998 apply in England Scotland and Wales, and in Northern Ireland, the equivalent Working Time (Northern Ireland) Regulations 1998 are applicable.
The European Commission has published a report in the form of a Golden book of e-procurement good practice following a review of procurement systems in the EU.